The qualitative method of the zone of inhibition was used to measure the. A microorganism is judged sensitive or resistant according to the diameter of the zone of inhibition of cultural growth, which is then correlated statistically with the minimal inhibitory concentration mic. Official agencies have recommended it, with minor modifications, as a reference method which could be used as a routine technique in the clinical laboratory. Approved guidelinesecond edition this document provides newly established methodology for disk diffusion testing of candida spp. A photometric method of preparing inocula was described by moosdeen et al 19881 and from this the following simplified procedure has been developed. Kirbybauer diskdiffusion method flashcards quizlet.
Determination of disk diffusion and mic quality control. Pdf the procedure for disk diffusion susceptibility testing has been worked out for rapidly growing nonfastidious bacteria. The disc diffusion susceptibility test associated with antiseptic and. The procedure followed is simply that a filter disk impregnated with an antibiotic is applied to the surface of an agar plate containing the organism to be tested and the plate is incubated at 37c for 2448 hours. With colistin, growth seen immediately adjacent to disk, then larger zone at endpoint occurs with colistin when testing serratia spp.
In this document, we attempt to answer many of the frequently asked questions regarding antimicrobial susceptibility testing. Antimicrobial and antifungal susceptibility testing resources. Methods for in vitro evaluating antimicrobial activity. Similarly to the procedure used in diskdiffusion method, the agar plate. In this study, we compared the clsi m38a microdilution method md with the disk diffusion dd procedure in an evaluation of the in vitro susceptibilities of 63 strains of dermatophytes. The kirbybauer test for antibiotic susceptibility, called the disc diffusion test, is a standard that has been used for years. Kirby bauer method and the liquid media based microbroth dilution method. Disc diffusion in agar is a common method of testing the sensitivity of bacteria to antibiotics. Disk diffusion antimicrobial tests more information in books or on definition. Evidence for a nonlinear relationship between critical concentration and.
Stokes disc diffusion technique varies from kirby bauer disc diffusion in the use of both control and test strain on a same plate. Autoplay when autoplay is enabled, a suggested video will. Disk or disc diffusion susceptibility refers to whether or not an antiseptic, disinfectant or antibiotic chemical is effective at inhibiting the growth of certain kinds of microbes. Uses of antibiotic sensitivity testing antibiotic sensitivity test. The isolates represented 11 different fungal species, including candida albicans n 50, c.
Comparison between disk diffusion and microdilution. Agar disk diffusion method the testing method most frequently used is the standardized filter paper disk agar diffusion method, also known as the nccls national committee for clinical laboratory standards or kirbybauer method. Each test method has a prescribed media to be used and incubation is to be at 35 37o c in ambient air for 18 24 hours. Comparison of disk diffusion, agar dilution, and broth. Kirbybauer disk diffusion susceptibility test protocol, an alternate method for measuring zones. Evaluation of microdilution and disk diffusion methods for. The disk diffusion test, or agar diffusion test, or kirbybauer test is a test of the antibiotic. Measure from the center of the antimicrobial disk to a point on the circumference of the zone where a distinct edge is present. The agar disk diffusion test was used for its ability to detect the antimicrobial activity of the isolates 15. We have tested the closeness of this relationship by comparing 20,000. Gsk22322 is a novel peptide deformylase inhibitor in the early phase of development for treatment of complicated bacterial skin and skin structure infection and hospitalized communityacquired pneumonia. M51method for antifungal disk diffusion susceptibility testing of nondermatophyte filamentous fungi and corresponding supplement m51s the details of the data necessary to establish breakpoints, qc parameters, and how the data are presented for evaluation are described in clsi document m23. When a 6mm filter paper disk impregnated with a known concentration.
If the zones of adjacent antimicrobial disks overlap, the zone diameter can be determined by measuring the radius of the zone. Comparison of broth microdilution, etest, and agar disk. Testing an antibiotic using a disk diffusion assay kirby bauer. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Method for antifungal disk diffusion susceptibility testing of yeasts. Repeat this, inoculating ten more muellerhinton agar plates from the experimental culture. Bauerkirby disk diffusion this is one of the more commonly used methods of antimicrobial susceptibility testing. Disk diffusion is based on the determination of an inhibition zone. Diffusion methods include gradient diffusion also known as etest and disk diffusion. We describe a simple procedure for detecting fluconazoleresistant yeasts by a disk diffusion method. The clinical and laboratory standards institute clsi reference methods are broth macrodilution, broth microdilution, agar dilution, and disk diffusion. This quality control qc study was performed to establish broth microdilution and disk diffusion qc ranges for strains staphylococcus aureus.
Besides, similar to other agarbased methods, disk diffusion is laborintensive and timeconsuming klancnik et al. The agar used is meullerhinton agar that is rigorously tested for composition and ph. Manual disk placement template for eight disks on a 100mm plate. First developed in the 1950s, it was refined and by w. Stokes disc diffusion technique is not as highly standardized as the kirbybauer technique and is used in laboratories particularly when the exact amount of antimicrobial in a disc cannot be guaranteed due to difficulties in obtaining discs and storing. Dip a sterile cotton swab into the appropriate liquid culture. Swabbing should be done by following the nccls protocol 2, 6. Troubleshooting guide for disk diffusion susceptibility. We employed ciclopiroxolamine cic, griseofulvin gre, terbinafine ter, fluconazole flc, itraconazole itr, posaconazole pos, and ravuconazole rav. Verification of antimicrobial susceptibility testing. The inoculum for the disk diffusion method is prepared using a suitable broth. Compare dilution and diffusion methods and know the basic techniques of agar disk diffusion, broth dilution and agar dilution methods 7.
A method where a culturing surface inoculated with microbe is exposed to small disks containing known amounts of a chemical agent resulting in a zone of inhibition usually in millimeters of growth of the microbe corresponding to the susceptibility of the strain to. The echinocandin antifungal agents are promising for the treatment of systemic fungal infections. The disk diffusion method of kirby and bauer has been standardized and is a viable alternative to broth dilution methods for laboratories without the resources to utilize the newer automated methods for broth microdilution testing. Further the depth of the agar in the plate is a factor to be considered in the disc diffusion method. Kirbybauer disk diffusion susceptibility test protocol. In this test, a number of small, sterile filter paper disks of uniform size 6 mm that have each been impregnated with a defined concentration of. The kirbybauer disc method this method is also called the agar diffusion method or the disk diffusion method. The disc diffusion susceptibility test associated with antibiotics is called the kirbybauer antimicrobial susceptibility test. The etest involves use of a plastic strip coated with an antimicrobial gradient on one side and an mic interpretive scale on the other side figure 310, a. Kirbybauer disk diffusion susceptibility test protocol asm. Pdf fluconazole disk diffusion susceptibility testing of. The disc diffusion method, originally described in 1966, 1 is well standardized and has been widely evaluated. Kirby bauer disk diffusion method flipped lab videos.
Media are supplemented with 12% sodium chloride nacl if intended for. Bsac disc diffusion method for antimicrobial susceptibility testing. All aspects of the kirbybauer procedure are standardized to ensure. Disk diffusion test definition of disk diffusion test by. Highly standardised methods are essential for all types of susceptibility testing. The disk diffusion method is performed using muellerhinton agar mha, which. Basic laboratory procedures in clinical bacteriology. Terms in this set 10 what is the purpose of the kirbybauer diskdiffusion test. Disk diffusion susceptibility methods are simple and costeffective and highlight different features of the patterns of in vitro. We compared the caspofungin cas susceptibility testing results generated by the disk diffusion dd assay with the results of the clinical and laboratory standards institute clsi broth microdilution bd reference method for 106 yeast isolates.
A disk diffusion method to test yeasts has recently been standardised nccls, 2004. Antifungal susceptibility testing of dermatophytes by agar. Enumerate the methods used for antimicrobial susceptibility testing ast 6. The procedure was adopted as a consensus standard by the clinical and laboratory standards institute clsi formerly nccls and is periodically updated. It is calibrated to eucast clinical breakpoints using broth microdilution for mic determination. Lecture 9 antimicrobial susceptibility testing disk. The eucast disk diffusion test is based on mh media and disks of a good quality. Have detailed theoretical knowledge on how to perform the main methods in a laboratory 8. The majority of in vitro work with them to date has been with brothbased methods, and there are few reports of testing by a disk diffusionbased procedure 1, 3, 4. Agar well diffusion method is widely used to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of plants or microbial extracts. This medium is prepared according to manufacturers instructions, dispensed in tubes at 45 ml and sterilized. Disk diffusion method for susceptibility testing of. Evidence for a nonlinear relationship between critical concentration and mic, and its practical implications for susceptibility testing of haemophilus influenzae. As the etest and the disk diffusion method are based on the same principle, also a higher variation between the results was found for the same antimicrobial agents concerning the disk diffusion method.
A comparison of disc diffusion and microbroth dilution. Similarly to the procedure used in diskdiffusion method, the agar plate surface is inoculated by spreading a volume of the microbial inoculum over the entire agar surface. The disc diffusion method for antibiotic susceptibility testing is the kirbybauer method. Even though the majority of labs are following the correct protocol, some of you still dont have the current guidelines. The microbroth dilution method has become more widely used due to its ability to become automated, however, the kirby bauer method may be able to detect subpopulations of resistant bacteria that would be visualized as inner colonies in the zone of diffusion. The agar based disk diffusion abdd susceptibility method for dermatophytes is quick, easy and a good option matar et al. Standardized method for disc susceptibility testing. For the disk diffusion assay, each group should swab ten muellerhinton agar plates from the control culture. In this test, small filter paper disks 6 mm impregnated with a standard amount of antibiotic are placed onto an agar plate to which bacteria have been swabbed. This is the first report on the antibacterial activity of pfhas based on palm kernel oil and cupfhs based on canola and palm kernel oils. Disk diffusion susceptibility testing kirby bauer method i have been asked many times to interpret the susceptibility results from labs outside addl. Disk diffusionbased methods for determining candida. Do not use disk agar diffusion procedure to test anaerobes. Disk diffusion susceptibility testing kirbybauer method.234 685 463 1041 140 516 1030 1351 260 148 1535 754 1069 1506 951 197 1072 416 849 382 1127 238 1141 1167 156 1468 543 752 1261 370 749 118 1205 626 1142 419 403 1013 1154 935